§ 7027. Requests to Limit Use and Disclosure of Sensitive Personal Information.
(a) The unauthorized use or disclosure of sensitive personal information creates a heightened risk of harm for the consumer. The purpose of the request to limit is to give consumers meaningful control over how their sensitive personal information is collected, used, and It gives the consumer the ability to limit the business’s use of sensitive personal information to that which is necessary to perform the services or provide the goods reasonably expected by an average consumer who requests those goods or services, with some narrowly tailored exceptions, which are set forth in subsection (m). Sensitive personal information that is collected or processed without the purpose of inferring characteristics about a consumer is not subject to requests to limit.
(b) A business that uses or discloses sensitive personal information for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m) shall provide two or more designated methods for submitting requests to A business shall consider the methods by which it interacts with consumers, the manner in which the business collects the sensitive personal information that it uses for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m), available technology, and ease of use by the consumer when determining which methods consumers may use to submit requests to limit. At least one method offered shall reflect the manner in which the business primarily interacts with the consumer. Illustrative examples follow.
(1) A business that collects sensitive personal information from consumers online shall, at a minimum, allow consumers to submit requests to limit through an interactive form accessible via the “Limit the Use of My Sensitive Personal Information” link or the Alternative Opt-out Link.
(2) A business that interacts with consumers in person and online may provide an in- person method for submitting requests to limit in addition to the online form.
(3) Other methods for submitting requests to limit include, but are not limited to, a toll- free phone number, a designated email address, a form submitted in person, and a form submitted through the mail.
(c) A business’s methods for submitting requests to limit shall be easy for consumers to execute, shall require minimal steps, and shall comply with section 7004.
(d) A business shall not require a consumer submitting a request to limit to create an account or provide additional information beyond what is necessary to direct the business to limit the use or disclosure of the consumer’s sensitive personal information.
(e) A business shall not require a verifiable consumer request for a request to A business may ask the consumer for information necessary to complete the request, such as information necessary to identify the consumer to whom the request should be applied. However, to the extent that the business can comply with a request to limit without additional information, it shall do so.
(f) If a business has a good-faith, reasonable, and documented belief that a request to limit is fraudulent, the business may deny the request. The business shall inform the requestor that it will not comply with the request and shall provide to the requestor an explanation why it believes the request is fraudulent.
(g) A business shall comply with a request to limit by:
(1) Ceasing to use and disclose the consumer’s sensitive personal information for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m) as soon as feasibly possible, but no later than 15 business days from the date the business receives the request.
(2) Notifying all the business’s service providers or contractors that use or disclose the consumer’s sensitive personal information for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m) that the consumer has made a request to limit and instructing them to comply with the consumer’s request to limit within the same time frame.
(3) Notifying all third parties to whom the business has disclosed or made available the consumer’s sensitive personal information for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m), after the consumer submitted their request and before the business complies with that request, that the consumer has made a request to limit and direct them 1) to comply with the consumer’s request and 2) to forward the request to any other person with whom the third party has disclosed or shared the sensitive personal information during that time period.
(h) A business may provide a means by which the consumer can confirm that their request to limit has been processed by the For example, the business may display through a toggle or radio button that the consumer has limited the business’s use and disclosure of their sensitive personal information.
(i) In responding to a request to limit, a business may present the consumer with the choice to allow specific uses for the sensitive personal information as long as a single option to limit the use of the personal information is also offered.
(j) A consumer may use an authorized agent to submit a request to limit on the consumer’s behalf if the consumer provides the authorized agent written permission signed by the A business may deny a request from an authorized agent if the agent does not provide to the business the consumer’s signed permission demonstrating that they have been authorized by the consumer to act on the consumer’s behalf.
(k) A business that responds to a request to limit by informing the consumer of a charge for the use of any product or service shall comply with Article 7 and shall provide the consumer with a Notice of Financial Incentive that complies with section 7016 in its response.
(l) Except as allowed by these regulations, a business shall wait at least 12 months from the date the consumer’s request to limit is received before asking a consumer who has exercised their right to limit to consent to the use or disclosure of their sensitive personal information for purposes other than those set forth in subsection (m).
(m) The purposes identified in Civil Code section 1798.121, subdivision (a), for which a business may use or disclose sensitive personal information without being required to offer consumers a right to limit are as follows. A business that only uses or discloses sensitive personal information for these purposes, provided that the use or disclosure is reasonably necessary and proportionate for those purposes, is not required to post a Notice of Right to Limit or provide a method for submitting a request to limit.
(1) To perform the services or provide the goods reasonably expected by an average consumer who requests those goods or services. For example, a consumer’s precise geolocation may be used by a mobile application that is providing the consumer with directions on how to get to a specific location. A consumer’s precise geolocation may not, however, be used by a gaming application where the average consumer would not expect the application to need this piece of sensitive personal information.
(2) To prevent, detect, and investigate security incidents that compromise the availability, authenticity, integrity, or confidentiality of stored or transmitted personal For example, a business may disclose a consumer’s log-in information to a data security company that it has hired to investigate and remediate a data breach that involved that consumer’s account.
(3) To resist malicious, deceptive, fraudulent, or illegal actions directed at the business and to prosecute those responsible for those For example, a business may use information about a consumer’s ethnicity and/or the contents of email and text messages to investigate claims of racial discrimination or hate speech.
(4) To ensure the physical safety of natural For example, a business may disclose a consumer’s geolocation information to law enforcement to investigate an alleged kidnapping.
(5) For short-term, transient use, including, but not limited to, nonpersonalized advertising shown as part of a consumer’s current interaction with the business, provided that the personal information is not disclosed to another third party and is not used to build a profile about the consumer or otherwise alter the consumer’s experience outside the current interaction with the For example, a business that sells religious books can use information about its customers’ interest in its religious content to serve contextual advertising for other kinds of religious merchandise within its store or on its website, so long as the business does not use sensitive personal information to create a profile about an individual consumer or disclose personal information that reveals consumers’ religious beliefs to third parties.
(6) To perform services on behalf of the For example, a business may use information for maintaining or servicing accounts, providing customer service, processing or fulfilling orders and transactions, verifying customer information, processing payments, providing financing, providing analytic services, providing storage, or providing similar services on behalf of the business.
(7) To verify or maintain the quality or safety of a product, service, or device that is owned, manufactured, manufactured for, or controlled by the business, and to improve, upgrade, or enhance the service or device that is owned, manufactured by, manufactured for, or controlled by the business. For example, a car rental business may use a consumer’s driver’s license for the purpose of testing that its internal text recognition software accurately captures license information used in car rental transactions.
(8) To collect or process sensitive personal information where the collection or processing is not for the purpose of inferring characteristics about a consumer. For example, a business that includes a search box on their website by which consumers can search for articles related to their health condition may use the information provided by the consumer for the purpose of providing the search feature without inferring characteristics about the consumer.
Note: Authority cited: Section 1798.185, Civil Code. Reference: Sections 1798.121, 1798.135, 1798.140 and 1798.185, Civil Code.