Contact Advisori    US: (703) 977-1617      UK: +44 20 8138 9983

1798.190. Anti-Avoidance

A court or the agency shall disregard the intermediate steps or transactions for purposes of effectuating the purposes of this title:
  1. If a series of steps or transactions were component parts of a single transaction intended from the beginning to be taken with the intention of avoiding the reach of this title, including the disclosure of information by a business to a third party in order to avoid the definition of sell, or share.
  2. If steps or transactions were taken to purposely avoid the definition of sell or share by eliminating any monetary or other valuable consideration, including by entering into contracts that do not include an exchange for monetary or other valuable consideration, but where a party is obtaining something of value or use.

(Amended November 3, 2020, by initiative Proposition 24, Sec. 22. Effective December 16, 2020. Operative January 1, 2023, pursuant to Sec. 31 of Proposition 24.)